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Why You Should Use Cast Iron and Dump the “GrabbleWare”

925bear makes a case for cast iron cookware.



Iron is an essential nutrient for cells. Cooking in a cast iron skillet can add significant amounts of digestible iron to your food. Processed foods, such as breakfast cereals often boast that they are “fortified” with iron. However, these metal particles (actual shavings) are neither small or easily digestible. Experiments have shown magnets can gather this metal into a small piles or even pull cereal around in a bowl full of milk.

The health benefits of cast iron cookware used to be a known fact until Polytetrafluoroethylene, or PTFE was invented. DuPont trademarked the process and chemical as Teflon in 1945 and went hard at capturing market share. The combination of undercutting the competition and years of slick marketing campaigns promoting Teflon as a “space-age material”. This new pan coating effectively put most early manufacturers of quality cast iron cookware out of business. Teflon, aka GrabbleWare, may be sold under different names.

Did you know Teflon coatings begin to break down at high temperatures releasing toxic fumes into the air causing flu-like symptoms known as polymer fume fever. Pet owners of canaries and songbirds are advised not to cook with non-stick cookware. Miners used to keep a canary in the coal mine with them. If the canary stopped singing, it was time to get out of the mine, and right quick because toxic gas was being emitted. According to tests commissioned by the EWG Environmental Working Group,

” In two to five minutes on a convential stovetop, cookware coated with Teflon and other non-stick surfacs can exceed temperatures at which the coating breaks apart and emits toxic particles and gases linked to hundred, perhaps thousands of pet bird deaths and an unknown number of human illnesses each year.”

The actual article addressing the study can be seen here: (Canaries In The Kitchen – Teflon Toxicosis)

The more you use cast iron the better it gets and the black coating (seasoning) that develops is what makes the pan naturally non-stick. Cast iron is also tough! Whether you are cooking on a stove, in the oven or directly on the screaming hot coals of a campfire you lit with a bow drill you whipped together, cast iron will take the heat for long periods creating that perfect sear and de-glaze a pan sauce without complaining. Other pans will off-gas (like GrabbleWare) and/or warp (like GammaWare: aluminum).

Cast iron is also easy to take care of. No soap needed… in fact, soap will ruin the non-stick seasoning on the pan . Cast iron will self-sterilize between uses (oligodynamic effect) so mostly you are just looking to get all the debris and burnt bits off the pan. An easy way to do this (in the kitchen) is to de-glaze the pan while it is still hot, scrape, rinse with water, heat t back up on the stove and oil lightly with a cloth (cast iron will rust, so try and keep it oiled). If you’re camping just de-glaze and toss it aside (oil later). The more you use your pans the better they will get and you will notice how much better your food tastes. The only caveat is cast iron doesn’t work for long cook acidic foods like tomato sauce and jams, instead use ceramic coated cast iron.

Whether you are buying new or vintage it’s also good idea to consider burning off the old seasoning and starting fresh, especially if vegetable oils were used in the seasoning process. There are several ways to do this but the preferred way is to use an outdoor grill at around 500°F for a few hours (smokes tremendously). Always let your cast iron cool down to where you can touch it before you restart your seasoning and use a high smoke oil like flax, sesame, avocado or peanut. There are great instructional videos on YouTube to help you through the process (sometimes you can get away with not doing this if you know the pan was treated right).

If pan weight is an issue other great choices for cookware are carbon steel (high heat) and copper (lower heat) but antique cast iron pans were made thinner and smoother than today’s pans so they are also less heavy. Older pans can still be found in flea markets pretty much everywhere, so try and find a few in a couple of sizes. Griswold is one of the best pre-grabble brands to keep an eye out for. There are also a few new manufacturers that have seen the need for quality cast iron and are revitalizing the industry, so keep an eye out for these as well.

Be well,
(@925bear on instagram)


Into the Wilderness: Part 1 Knives and Knife Skills 

Knives will perform numerous tasks, better or worse, based on their grind, edge geometry, and thickness. That said, I have found that a full flat grind is ideal for food prep and butchering, though a high saber grind works well too. 



By Gabriel- The Last Huntsman

As with many of us in the Beartaria community, we have found the mundane existence of modern Babylon completely unappealing, ungodly, and unfulfilling. As a result, many of us seek to make our way, either by downsizing our footprint in the modern digital world, homesteading our sustenance, or becoming producers. For some of us, however, that also means getting out into the wilderness; far away from civilization, we test ourselves and our bodies to become more like our ancestors of old,  becoming non-domesticated humans. 

In this article series, I will detail at least one part of the wilderness- a popular term coined as bushcraft. Bushcraft seemingly has taken many different names and forms.

For me, it’s practicing basic wood skills such as shelter craft, fire craft, knife skills, axe skills, and other tools, and can even have some hunting or tactical applications.

Though you can write a whole book on bushcraft, as many already have, we’re just going to get into some knife basics for this article. 

Choosing Your Knife

Knives are mankind’s first tool; they are essential for basic tasks, whether processing your food, wood processing, cutting cordage, etc. In addition, knives can be used in a myriad of practical tasks and defensive means. While having a flimsy folding knife can be ok for opening boxes or backyard/vehicle camping, bushcrafting skills require having a solid and reliable fixed-blade knife, ideally full tang, for practical tasks.

You will have to determine if a smaller knife or a larger knife would better suit your purposes. A saying often goes, however, that you can do small tasks with a big knife if you have to, but you can’t do big tasks with a small knife, but having a smaller blade is less weight and easier to conceal. That’s just food for thought. Another consideration is steel choice; I will simplify carbon steel or stainless steel. Knife Nerds is an excellent resource to dabble into all things knife steel. Carbon steel, while generally tougher than stainless steel, can be prone to rust. So if you’re in a coastal environment, it can be hard to maintain. Stainless steel is more rust-resistant and can have better edge-holding capabilities. However, it can be more prone to snapping or chipping during extreme use.

Knife Skills

Using your knife to split wood is known as batoning. This is done by utilizing your knife as a wedge while you use another log (baton) as a mallet to beat the spine of your knife blade through the log. This can be a rather rigorous task on your knife. However, it is sometimes needed to make wood burnable when conditions are wet or when it’s hard to stabilize a log and safely use an axe. In many cases, the wood logs could be wet; however, the wood on the inside will be dryer and more suitable for fire craft. Splitting wood is necessary for ease of burning to cook, keep warm, and many other things.

Making feather sticks with a knife is another handy bushcrafting knife skill. It is done by finely slicing small curls of wood into a bundle. This bundle is perfect for fire tinder. While most small sticks, twigs, and other tinder may be too big or have too much moisture to catch a spark well, the feather sticks can be from a freshly split log that you just have batoned, which should be dryer. Making feather sticks takes time to master, learning what knives work best and what wood works best. The finer and thinner your wood curls are, the better; they will catch a spark or flame easier to start your fire.

Chopping is another handy knife skill to practice. I’m sure many will ask why you would use a knife to chop when you can use an axe. Well, for one, it’s more likely to have a knife on your person than an axe. If you’re hunting, scouting, or hiking, having a solid knife is lighter than packing a knife and an axe. Finally, it can be safer, as having an axe in full swing can be more likely to miss or over-swing. Having a medium to larger knife size will obviously help with the performance of this task. Good ergonomics will help the knife maintain in hand and absorb shock during chopping tasks. 

Striking a ferro rod (ferrocerium rod) is a skill that can help you get a fire going in your wilderness adventures. Firstly a ferro rod is a metal rod that will produce sparks when struck with a flat edge and can last thousands of strikes. So why use it over a lighter? Lighters can be finicky at best; they can get too cold, wet, or drain themselves of fluid. That is a big no-no, mainly when you’re depending on it.

So simply put, Ferro rods are just a survivalist/bushcrafter’s go-to fire-starting tool. Ideally, your knife will have a 90-degree spine on the back edge of the blade. This sharp, flat edge can strike and scrape the ferro rod. However, not all knives have a sharp spine, so having a small scraper or a spare knife may be necessary. In a worst-case scenario, you can use the edge of your knife; however, this is not recommended as it will damage your edge. When using the Ferro rod with your blade, you want to ensure your rod is as close to your tinder bundle (feather sticks) as possible. This will maximize the amount of sparks and heat transferred into those fine wood curls to get a fire going. 

Notches are another bushcrafting knife skill that is good to learn. It is essentially cutting a notch in various shapes to allow cordage to be held in place for constructing many things in the wilderness. Notches can be used to build tent stakes, fire spits, shelters, and even wild game traps. Notches can be carved directly using the knife or with a knife and baton. Though there are several notches, the few fundamental ones are the square notch, v notch, and stake notch. They may seem self-explanatory; however, carving these can take a measure of skill with your knife.  Square notches can be done by simply partially cross-batoning your knife into the wood, then doing so again, a short distance from the first, and twisting your knife- this will pop the excess wood. Stake Notches are achieved by partially cross-batoning and carving the extra wood with your knife toward your baton mark. V notches are done by cutting a ‘V-shaped groove into the wood.  

Then, one of the oldest knife skills is probably out there, processing animals or vegetation for food. People have been using knives to kill and butcher their livestock and wild game or cut up their humble veggies since humanity’s beginning. As we return to our roots, having these knife skills can make things much more manageable and save you money. 

Knives will perform numerous tasks, better or worse, based on their grind, edge geometry, and thickness. That said, I have found that a full flat grind (shown on the knives pictured above) is ideal for food prep and butchering, though a high saber grind works well too. 

 As I’ve stated, knives are one of mankind’s primary tools. We will always have a place to use a blade, especially as we separate ourselves from this fruitless modern world. These are just a few simple knife skills necessary for bushcrafting and wilderness adventures. The easy way to practice and master knife skills is to get out there and try to have fun. As you enjoy yourself, you’ll find ways to make things happen. Always check out my content on my Youtube channel, Beartaria Times app, and Instagram at The Last Huntsman. Feel free to follow up and message me with any questions. Finally, be prepared both physically and spiritually. God bless and carry on. 

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Antiquing. Not just for Subaru drivers.

If you don’t have a plan or specific goal in mind, you may find yourself walking out several hundred dollars poorer, with a few marginally decent tools and a box full of your favorite childhood toys.



By: Woodworking Gunny Bear

If you are planning on attending this year’s festival here in Missouri, you may want to set a day aside to hit some of our massive antique malls. I know what you may be thinking, “But Gunny, I don’t even own a Subaru.” As a homesteader and part-time prepper, I am always on the lookout for things that can be useful when the power goes out or supply chains falter. Over the years, I have amassed a wide variety of tools, gadgets, and containers from the many antique malls here in Missouri.

One thing I learned early on is that walking into a huge antique mall, packed to the gills with extremely cool (often nostalgia-evoking) stuff, can be overwhelming. If you don’t have a plan or specific goal in mind, you may find yourself walking out several hundred dollars poorer, with a few marginally decent tools and a box full of your favorite childhood toys. This article is not intended for those who want to “flip” items for profit. If, however, you are looking to score a good deal on a well-made and useful tool, then you might find it a worthwhile read.

My wife and I enjoy perusing the many antique malls and shops here in Missouri. We enjoy the nostalgia. We also appreciate the craftsmanship and design of “old stuff.” We have also developed a bit of a system to ensure that we don’t: overspend on a given item, purchase an item that has a better (and often cheaper) modern version, or walk out with a very cool-looking piece of junk.

There are several things to consider prior to walking into an antique shop or mall:

What, specifically, are you looking for? Do you want to pick up some hand tools for the wood shop? A few things to improve production on the homestead? How about some kitchen gadgets that will remain useful in a power outage?

How much are you willing to spend? Is an expensive item worth it if it will likely sit in your basement for the foreseeable future?

Are you capable of recognizing when an item is damaged, broken, or missing parts? If so, can it be brought up to snuff without a significant effort or investment?

What happens if I see something that transports me back to “the good old days” but has no actual function?

I will attempt to address all of these considerations, as well as drop a few tips and tricks which you may find useful.

My wife and I really enjoy looking at all of the cool stuff in our local antique malls, but we both know that some things are for looking at, and some things are for buying. For example, as a woodworker, I am always on the lookout for quality woodworking tools that don’t require electricity as a power source. Early on, I wanted to grab every hand drill, planer, and axe I saw. Eventually, I learned that all classic tools were not created equal and that the cheap hand plane was cheap for a good reason. My wife, on the other hand, tends to gravitate toward kitchen and household-related items. Hand-cranked mixers, beaters, meat grinders, etc., are her jam. She is also quick to buy crocks for pickling and fermenting. She has a nice washboard and is currently on the lookout for a very specific hand-operated washing machine.

It is always a good idea to set a budget before your first safari into the wilds of an antique jungle. This can keep you from buying that completely useless (but very cool looking) WW2 helmet or nudge you along to the next booth where the same item is a bit cheaper…and in even better condition! Many antique malls have a booth-style setup where different sellers display their wares. Some sellers price their items based on antique price guides, while others just want to get rid of stuff that they found in their grandparent’s attic. Needless to say, prices and item conditions can vary wildly. A good rule of thumb is that smaller, boutique-style shops tend to have higher prices but often sell quality items in pristine condition. Large, mall-style antique shops tend to have a much wider variety and lower prices but can be littered with damaged, broken, or lower-quality items. With patience and self-control, we have found that we prefer the larger shops and have gotten some great deals on well-made, useful tools in excellent condition. We have made a handful of relatively expensive purchases but were not disappointed. For example, my wife spent almost $50 on a hand-operated meat slicer. We were swayed because it was a rare find, was in excellent condition, and could often go for $80 and up. Similarly, I have always wanted a really nice scythe. I finally found one, but the seller wanted over $100 for it. I was really close to buying it, but I couldn’t bring myself to break that three-digit threshold for something that I might never actually use.
I finally decided to pass on the purchase. A month or so later, I found an even nicer one for only $45. Patience and frugality had again paid off. I now own two beautiful scythes and still haven’t broken that three-digit threshold. Bonus tip: Many antique mall owners charge a booth fee and make a small percentage on each sale. Often, they will contact individual sellers and convey a counteroffer in order to facilitate a sale.

As mentioned earlier, antiques can be in widely varying states of condition. I can’t count the number of times that I got worked up upon seeing a given tool, only to completely deflate as soon as I looked at it up close. Being able to assess an item’s condition is an important skill. Anything with moving parts should function smoothly, with no catching or grinding. Rust can often be an issue as well. A thin layer of rust can be removed with some mineral oil and elbow grease while soaking in vinegar can remove heavier rust layers. Items that are rusted to the point of pitting or flaking should usually be avoided. We bought several items only to later find that a key component was missing. A good practice is to grab a given item (be sure to remember which booth you took it from) and keep an eye out for the same or similar thing. If you find another one, compare the two. You can often identify a missing or damaged part, and very often, the one in better condition will be similar in price or even cheaper. Another thing to keep in mind is that some sellers will attempt to hide the damage. I once found a froe axe, which is used to turn round logs into square beams, marked as $10. This was a great price, and those particular axes are quite a rare find. It appeared to be in great condition but needed a good sharpening. Luckily, I knew to carefully examine the axe head (handles are easily replaced) because the seller had laid on a thin layer of paint in an attempt to hide a hairline crack in the steel. I hung it back up and moved on.

Another dangerous pitfall is the nearly constant feeling of nostalgia. It’s hard enough to keep walking when you happen upon the same bread box you remember from your childhood home. I have even wanted to drop a few bucks on an old metal saltine canister or glass Aunt Jemima syrup bottle. It’s another thing entirely when you round a corner and find yourself face-to-face with that favorite childhood toy. Antique shops are littered with vintage GI Joes, Voltron lions, Star Wars figures, etc. I even found a big bag full of original He-man toys that appeared to be comprised of the exact same collection that I owned as a child. Trust me when I say that the nostalgia will wear off quickly. Enjoy the memories and move on. If you just can’t pass by without making a nostalgia purchase, set a price limit. Remember that many vintage items are overpriced and aren’t nearly as rare as you might think.

A key component of our strategy is a very modern tool, the smartphone. Be sure to have yours handy, as it can be helpful when it comes to avoiding several of the aforementioned pitfalls. I am no fan of modern cell phones, but I would be lying if I said that they are not useful tools, especially when buying antiques. We always look up items before checkout, ensuring that the price is at or below the average. We also come across things and think, what the heck is that?” Many times a patent number entered in the search bar assists in its identification. That was how I discovered one of my favorite tools, a slide hammer nail puller. It is a truly excellent tool, and I had no idea what the heck it was until I looked it up. Very often, there is a better, less expensive version of a given tool or gadget. For instance, we were about to buy a glass butter churn for $50. It was in great shape, and that was a pretty good price. When we were doing our price check, we discovered that a company makes a modern version that has plastic paddles (easier to keep clean) and is cheaper to boot. When used correctly, modern phones can be extremely handy.

There are many more tips and pieces of advice when hunting for bargain barn finds, but part of the fun is discovering them for yourself. Just remember to have a plan, and most of all, have fun. You may discover that gadget or tool that is as useful today as it was when your grandparents ordered it from the Sears catalog decades ago.

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You Can’t Fast Track the Benefits of Community

I have been to meetups across the country and made some of the best friends I have ever had through this community and app. The difference this has made in my and my family’s lives, materially and spiritually, cannot be put into words, and I pray that I am giving some fraction of that back to the community.



By: Camera Bear

A high-trust community is a beautiful thing. The value and benefit it can bring your life to be part of one is unparalleled by anything outside of a strong, close family. These communities historically include religious networks, churches, tight-knit neighborhoods, sports leagues, and school communities.

In our case, we have built one in a place where it was generally unheard of to be high trust—the internet. Since its inception, which many of us remember in our lifetime, forming relationships with people online has been taboo and not recommended. For much of my lifetime, they never went beyond gaming groups, message boards, and random chatrooms.

In recent years, as more and more of our lives occur online, they have become more common, but many people remain hesitant and skeptical. Then came the Unbearables, formed around an exiled comedian with a webcam, a loud mouth, and a penchant for pushing society’s buttons. We all know the story; if you don’t, I encourage you to watch the three documentaries at

It was a slow build, with most interactions happening in the live chat of daily streams and a few isolated group chats across the realm and web. As the world shut down and shut in during the events of 2020, we escalated at the encouragement of that same sailor-talking, and now conspiracy theory-touting comedian, and many of us began to meet in person for the first time.

At the same time, The Beartaria Times was created, first with a news website whose mission was to report the good, true, and beautiful things happening in our community. That quickly led to the creation of the Beartaria Times Community App. The Beartaria Times community is a separation from the savage comedy and societal breakdowns. Here we can detach from the commentary on clown world and have a place for solutions, not complaining, where we are not engaging in controversy or any of the mainstream paradigms like left vs. right, where a diversity of opinions, backgrounds, religions, and ideologies could agree on a trajectory for their life without conflict where they might differ. We leave that all at the door when we enter the castle walls. After several years we have had many new people who have heard of this philosophy and embraced our principles, that have joined the app and the community and have never heard one of those comedians’ livestreams.

This app gives us all a place within the castle walls to share our lives and families outside of the degenerate wasteland of mainstream social media, away from the data collection and the world we wish to separate from. It has led to countless marriages and children being born, business relationships, meetups, Builder Buddies, and an unimaginable amount of knowledge, advice, and support being shared across the realm.

I have been to meetups across the country and made some of the best friends I have ever had through this community and app. The difference this has made in my and my family’s lives, materially and spiritually, cannot be put into words, and I pray that I am giving some fraction of that back to the community.

However, a community and app like this can be taken advantage of, which brings me to this article’s purpose. In a place where we are so generous and willing to help in any way we can, including financially, infiltrators and fakes can occur. In a place where we believe everyone shares the same basic morals and values, some people who do not can slip in.

But I don’t want us to become skeptical of the whole group or withhold our generosity because of a few bad apples. The app can be used to build genuine lasting relationships. You can put in the work and time to build a presence and a reputation.

If, in a time of actual need, you request help, you will be more likely to receive the support you need if you have put in that time. My advice is to be humble and discerning. Not only in how you may seek help in any form but also in how you give it. Could you potentially donate to a fundraiser that misled you? Maybe, but you will be rewarded for your generosity while the dishonest party will surely reap what they have sown.

Another example could be applied to the singles group. Some people there may not share and uphold the values of the overall group. Again some bad apples may slink in, but don’t throw out the whole group because of them, take a page out of that nightclub comedian’s book and use your personal ban hammer to block anyone you deem unsuitable for communication. Put in the time and use your better judgment before taking any significant steps.

The Beartaria Times Community and App are a fantastic place to detach and elevate from mainstream society, make lasting friendships and build a future together. It is a high-trust community you can benefit from and find value in for a lifetime. However, that does not just come to you automatically upon arrival.

Put in the time and work; you will see what I mean.

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